Prostate cancer is cancer of the prostate gland, which produces the seminal fluid that nourishes and transports sperm. Usually prostate cancer grows slowly and stays in the prostate gland, where it may not cause any harm; however, sometimes it can be aggressive and spread quickly to other parts of the body. When prostate cancer is detected early — when it's still just in the prostate gland— it has a better chance of successful treatment.
In the early stages, prostate cancer often has no symptoms. When the cancer is more advanced, symptoms might include:
Though doctors don’t know exactly why prostate cancer starts, there are several risk factors, including:
Risk increases as you age.
Black men carry a greater risk of prostate cancer than men of other races.
If men in your family have had prostate cancer, or if you have a strong family history of breast cancer, your risk may be higher.
Obese men may be more likely to have advanced cancer that's harder to treat.
Treatment for prostate cancer depends on the stage of the disease at diagnosis and the patient's age and overall health. The treatment options Dr. Cornell provides include:
There are two types of radiation therapy to treat prostate cancer: brachytherapy and external radiation therapy.
This involves the use of medication to block the production of testosterone, which prostate cancer cells use to grow.
The surgical removal of the prostate and surrounding tissues, this is the "gold standard" treatment for prostate cancer. Dr. Cornell performs prostatectomies either through an incision in your lower abdomen or with the DaVinci® Surgical System, a minimally-invasive, robotic-assisted procedure.
To reduce your risk of prostate cancer, you should:
You can also get a prostate cancer screening, which includes a prostate-specific antigen test and a digital rectal exam. Dr. Cornell can talk to you about whether a screening is right for you.
If you have any questions regarding insurance providers, please call our office.